Category Archives: Uncategorized

Living without eco-labels to avoid eco-dilemmas or anxiety

In the 21st century people appear to be obsessed with labelling and categorising themselves. It seems that there is a constant need to have “perfect” Instagram-inspired lifestyles and a need to subscribe to an identity or movement created by someone else’s idea of perfection.

The older I get the more ridiculous this all feels. Even as a teenager I preferred to call myself something generic like alternative rather than choose one type of music.   In addition I have never particularly been a fan of designer clothes labels. It felt like  to an expense way of cloning someone else’s identity.

I have found that the instant I label myself as something there are people waiting to criticise or shame. “I thought you were supposed to be….” “How come you are doing….” Whether it’s dietary, ideologies, music tastes or whatever, life is much simpler when I don’t label myself or try and fit myself into a box that isn’t the right size.  It’s my business how I life my life and if I don’t try and label myself people find it harder to judge me or criticise me.

There is way too much online bullying. Celebrities are always being called out because they were spotted doing something that didn’t conform with the fake Insta lifestyle they have created or because they have labelled themselves as something. Once a person labels themselves they become a target and are handing out free ammunition to anyone who wants to target them. I have not been on social media for almost a year now because I got fed up of witnessing the constant negativity brought on by social justice warriors. It is something I do not need to see and something I don’t want targeted at myself.

Don’t get me wrong sometimes labels can be useful to help with certain diets or allergies when selecting from a menu but that doesn’t mean that I have to live by the exact terms of that label.  I am also not criticising anyone who wants to “own” a label. It just isn’t for an overthinker like me.

Trying to conform to these perfect lifestyles can cause a lot of dilemmas or anxieties, particularly when there is a conflict between two different labels.

The first time I had a real dilemma was around 15-20 years ago when I was trying to avoid buying animal products. However, I am quite heavy footed and was getting through a pair of fake leather boots every couple of months whereas I knew that a pair of good quality leather boots would last years. Should I avoid animal cruelty or avoid waste. Aargh! Nowadays there are much better quality fake leather shoes around than then, it is also easier to buy online and second hand.

I see a lot of people who are focused on certain environmental lifestyles, whether it’s veganism, zero-waste or plastic-free and then have a melt down if they are given a piece of unavoidable plastic or have to throw something away. I saw something somewhere in relation to veganism where it said the world doesn’t need a few people doing veganism perfectly it needs lots people regularly cutting down the amount of animal products they consume.

This can be applied to all aspects of sustainable living. If I overthink things it can cause terrible anxiety. I prefer not to label myself. This instantly sets me up to fail. The instant I decide I am on a diet I start to crave bad things. Instead lI am trying to do what I can in areas I can control but also to be pragmatic. For example I would rather buy “yellow stickered” food that is packaged in plastic than an expensive plastic free option. Not only does the reduced food save me money, I am potentially saving the food from ending up in the bin. That would be a double eco tragedy – wasted food as well as bad packaging.

It is virtually impossible to live a perfectly sustainable lifestyle in the modern world. There are so many choices that are difficult to make. For example glass packaged food has a higher carbon footprint than plastic when looking at transportation costs. Is it more sustainable to eat local beef packaged in paper or vegan food produced thousands of miles away and packaged in plastic? The answers to these dilemmas will depend upon the perspective of the people making the decision. Some people will choose local above imported foods, some people would always choose plant based, others might think always plastic free, others might look at the overall carbon footprint and some might look at the financial costs. This is a massive headache if multiplied against every decision in life.

So what are my options to be sustainable without labelling myself?

Firstly I am not going to describe my lifestyle to anyone else, or preach to anyone for that matter. I am just going to keep chipping away at my unsustainable habits and replacing them with more sustainable ones. Small improvements are better than carrying on unsustainable habits because I cannot achieve the “perfect” solution.

Secondly, I am not going to try and do everything at once. This can lead to a feeling of being overwhelmed. I will do more research before making changes. The default position will be it’s better not to be a consumer if I can help it.

Thirdly, I am not going to fall for the hype. I am not going to believe that I have to be replacing every item in my home with something more aesthetically pleasing. I would rather keep reusing my plastic items than to throw them away and then go out and purchase new glass, wooden or metal items. I am not going to try and fit all of my waste into a jam jar or whatever else is currently trending. I am not going to have just 30 items in my wardrobe and then need to buy more clothes when those wear out because I threw away perfectly good clothes. I am not knocking any of the creators out there that portray these lifestyles, they are just not my lifestyle. I need to follow my own path not someone else’s.

Lastly, I am not going to worry about things I cannot do but focus on what I can do. Here are a few examples.

I can’t afford to replace my petrol car with an electric one but I can try and cut down my mileage.

I don’t have the means to go “off grid” but I can reduce energy and water consumption and I can afford to upgrade my boiler.

I can’t control how or where all of my food is produced or packaged but I can grow some of my food myself.

I can’t force my energy company to supply me with greener energy or my bank to make greener investments but I can switch accounts to companies with better environmental credentials.

I can’t control what my prescription medicine is made from, how it is made, who makes it or how it’s packaged but I can try and improve my health and potentially reduce the quantity of medicines I take.

I can’t do anything about the plastic pollution in the oceans but I can control what goes down my drains and I can pick up other people’s litter to stop it getting blown into the watercourse and hopefully prevent more pollution from reaching the ocean.

In summary

This has been a rather long winded way of saying that there is too much pressure to conform to certain lifestyles which leads to unnecessary stress and anxiety. I will take inspiration from whatever I feel like taking inspiration from in order to forge my own path but refuse to conform to anything just because of fashion or peer pressure.

My Seven-Step Retirement Plan

I have been recently thinking about retirement. For me the state pension age is currently 67 but according to gov.uk may increase by up to another year.

I am intrigued by the growing movement called F. I. R. E. (Financial Independence Retire Early). This is basically where people work as hard as possible during their 20s and 30s, saving and investing enough money to enable them to retire (sometimes as early as 40) living off the returns from their investments.

For me this is not a reality as my 20s and 30s were not spent wisely with regards to saving or investing financially. However, retiring early is still a possibility.

My plan of action

1. Become debt free.

This is becoming a reality. I have spent the last two years massively overpaying my mortgage. I do not have any penalties for overpayment.

2. Check my state pension forecast.

This is a relatively simple process once you go through the faff of setting up an account on gov.uk and verifying identification via the Post Office. This surprised me. I have somehow received some national insurance credits dating back to when I was still at school and working part-time in the evenings and weekends. This means that providing I contribute for another few years I should receive maximum state pension.

Some of my friends who have worked in organisations that previously “opted out” have to make many more contributions. This is definitely something worth checking especially if you are in your 50s as it will tell you how many more years you need to contribute to in order to receive full state pension.

3. Check my work pension status

This is slightly more complex especially if you have more than one pension scheme or your pension scheme has changed over the years. This is something I am still trying to work out. There are penalties for retiring early but the closer you get to retirement age the penalties are less. I need to find the golden date where the benefits to me off retiring early outweigh the hit on the pension and it will also be a sufficient amount to survive on.

4. Boost my savings

Once I become debt free I intend to save and possibly invest at least the same amount as I have been overpaying the mortgage by. With current interest rates I cannot see myself being able to get much of an income from savings unless I am able to find a suitable investment such as a second rental property. Given the current house prices this is unlikely. I am not one to make risky investments therefore it is more likely that this will be an emergency fund to boost my work pension until I can get my state pension.

5. Sell everything I don’t need

This is something I have been working on over the last few months. However, the amount of time it takes to sort, assess and list, not to mention posting, is not necessarily a good earner in terms of hourly rate. It is something that is helping my mental health though because I do find it hard to throw things away. Having someone purchase something on eBay is allowing me to let go of things even if I am only making pence after postage and fees taken out. I have two thoughts on what to do with the money. I either use it to upgrade my house to being more efficient or it goes into the general retirement fund.

I have also lost a bit of interest in this more recently as other priorities have taken over. I am intending to start this up again in the near future.

6. Reduce my expenses

Again this is something that is ongoing and will be something I intend to do for the rest of my life. This is trying to account for every penny, reducing spending and increasing savings.

7. Improve my health and well-being

This is another ongoing task. I want to be well enough to enjoy my retirement. Being ill or suffering from chronic conditions becomes expensive.

Prescriptions and over the counter remedies are expensive. Even herbal remedies cost money to prepare if making tinctures. Treatments can be expensive if not covered by NHS such as chiropractors, counsellors, chiropodists etc.

Having to pay people to do things for you because you are unable to do it yourself is also expensive. Examples could’ve gardening, taxis, cleaning.

The longer I am well enough to care for myself the better.

Letting go of the perpetual box(es) of unsorted clutter

Ever since I was a child I have had a box (which later developed into boxes) of unsorted clutter. I now have way more than 10 of these boxes.  These are not boxes of books or boxes of paperwork. These are boxes of unsorted random items that you wonder how on earth they ended in a box together.

This is what happens….

A room or rooms in the house become messy and a visitor is due so in a panic I go round with a bag and collect up all the items that do not belong. At this point I fully intend to put the items away at a later date but somehow the bags get stuffed somewhere out of sight.

Over the next few days/weeks/months I might retrieve a couple of items from said bag once I realise they are in there, but eventually the bag gets tipped into a box along with the contents of several other bags and shoved in the loft. I get a happy feeling that the space previously occupied by the boxes is clear whilst my loft groans with the weight of another box of crap.

For me this habit started in childhood and the boxes all contained useful items such as pencils, paperclips, hair ties, Sindy doll shoes, game pieces, souvenirs like badges or tickets, erasers, marbles, used postage stamps etc, etc. All of these items valuable enough to be retained but not unique enough to merit me going looking for them.

Forty years later the habit is still there and remarkably the box contents haven’t changed that much. I can pretty much guarantee that every box will still contain stationery items such as paper clips, pens etc, hair ties, used postage stamps and some kind of souvenir such as a ticket stub. The dolls shoes and game pieces might not be there but there will be other items like coins, silica gel packets, clothing tags, ribbons, buttons, receipts and other random bits and bobs. Most of these items have homes. I have a little stationery drawer set for paperclips, rubber bands, pens etc. I have envelopes to put receipts, used stamps for charity in, craft boxes for ribbons and buttons etc. So why do these boxes of miscellaneous items get put in the loft instead of being put away????

I have no idea.

I talk to friends and it appears that I am not alone with these habits. For years I’ve blamed my behaviour on the fact that I am too busy or too tired.

That doesn’t wash any more. I’ve had more spare time at home over the last six months than I’ve had for years. Yes I’ve still been fortunate to keep my job and have been working full-time from home but pretty much all social activities have been cancelled and my home is messier than ever.

Perhaps the truth is I just don’t like tidying up and I’m a little lazy when it comes to housework. Maybe I’m just densensitised to the mess and the knowledge that no visitors would be coming anytime soon has helped lessen any housework priorities.

The bad weather in August prevented me from outside work so I finally decided to tackle my clutter. I removed a box that has not been looked in for over a decade and was horrified at myself. There were a few objects that went straight in the bin. Paracetamols, old lip balms etc but a few items found their way onto eBay and have surprisingly sold. Turns out if you hold onto your rubbish for more than 20 years it can be labelled “vintage” and people buy it. Who would have thought that some of my childhood badges and old computer software disks could be in demand.

This is going to be a long process for me. As a hoarder I struggle to throw things out, but by putting things up for sale it is helping me to let go. I am not going to get rich doing this – paper round would probably pay better, but it certainly feels like a giant step in the right direction. In just one month I have come to realise that I don’t actually want at least 75% of my possessions but I need to know they are going to someone else that does want them.

I have sold or given away around 25 items now and I feel a real buzz about it. Most of the items were small and came out of the loft so am not yet feeling the benefits of having decluttered them but I feel that I am definitely on the beginning of a new journey.

Reducing screen time

I can feel myself slipping back into the screen trap, mindless scrolling through Facebook or Pinterest and watching rubbish on TV. Hours can disappear away leaving me with a feeling of negativity because I know I have wasted so much time. Not only that a lot of the content leaves me depressed.

These are some thoughts as to how I can reduce screen time and really make it work for me.

TV

I have my favourite programmes that I invested time in watching and am not prepared to give up, but also find it is easy to lose 20mins here and there just scrolling through adverts. It takes willpower not to automatically switch on the TV, especially if you are not always in control of the remote. I am going to try and set a limit on the number of hours I watch TV in a week by only recording my absolute favourites and only watching recordings so I can fast forward through adverts. If I only allow myself a set number of hours a week to watch TV am I really going to waste it on something I am not that bothered about?

Facebook/Twitter/Instagram/Pinterest etc

These apps are great for inspiring creativity and keeping in touch with people and news, but they can also have a detrimental effect on mental health and wellbeing. I see certain people who are constantly posting about depression and at the same time appear to spend all their time on Facebook sharing negative posts about politics and social issues. I believe a high proportion of these sort of posts are deliberately worded to stir up emotions, followed by arguments in the comments.

I’ve spent the last couple of years finely tuning my newsfeed, particularly on Facebook. I’ve selected my best friends and marked them as “always see first”. I’ve blocked almost all political and / depressing news stories from my feed by blocking the pages that people share posts from as they appear. I snooze people who annoy me from time to time for 30 days. If after 2 or 3 snoozes they still annoy me I completely unfollow them. Some of these people are lovely in real life but annoying on social media. I’ve also unfriended a few people who I didn’t really know but somehow ended up friends with them.

The downside to this is that I am now spending longer on Facebook because there is more to interest me. I also find that I get neck, shoulder and arm pain if I use my phone too long.

I need to try and set a time limit on scrolling time or only use it when my activities are limited such as on the bus. I could also try to not have my phone in the same room all the time.

Online games

These really are addictive and a complete waste of time, particularly those . Last year I realised I was wasting a lot of time on a game I had spent hours probably weeks of my life playing over several years. I deleted it and can honestly say I have not missed it at all.

Thoughts on better preparation

Sometimes I focus so hard on one thing that I lose track of everything else. This has happened this week. I have been so focused on the number of steps I’m doing to the point I comfortably exceed my daily goal by the time I get home so I’ve ended up eating tea then crashing on the sofa.

The downside

Whilst I am really pleased how well I have done on the exercise, I have been ignoring all my little daily routines which help to keep me on track. These include:

  • Preparing clothes the night before
  • Preparing food the night before
  • Sorting bags each evening
  • Checking emails, post etc
  • Keeping on top of laundry
  • Keeping kitchen clear
  • Knowing what’s for tea
  • Eating more slow cooked meals to free up time

The downside to ignoring my routines is the last couple of mornings not only have I struggled to get up, I have had to sort out my bags, food and clothes which combined has probably delayed me leaving the house. The knock-on effect is that it takes longer to get to work because the traffic is busier and I have to stay later at work to make the time up.

How do I stay on track?

There is no magic answer to this. I have one or two ideas to try.

  • Do things as soon as I get home
  • Review my to do list more frequently throughout the day so it is in the forefront of my mind what I need to do
  • Not allow myself to sit down on the sofa until tasks are finished
  • Eat my food at the dining table rather than the sofa so I get up again afterwards
  • Trying to stay positive and motivated
  • Resetting myself every day

Fingers crossed I will get back on track soon.

Pressing reset

I started March all keen and roaring with enthusiasm as I began tackling some long-standing tasks that have been weighing on me for months. Unfortunately it didn’t last and over the last few days I have been struggling to stick to the plan and some of my old eating/spending habits have slipped back in. In just a few days I have regained some weight and am suffering from tiredness, insomnia and indigestion.

Getting back on track

The good news is that with almost any plan it is possible to press reset at any point. It doesn’t have to wait until a new year, month, week. Every day is a new day and a reset can be done at any point in the day. Just because the morning has gone down one path, it doesn’t need to continue. It is possible to change direction at any time. Today I find myself needing to press reset and it is actually a good time to reset. It is the spring equinox and apparently the international day of happiness. Equinoxes are all about balance. Day equals night and it is a great time to address all the imbalances in your life and identify what is required to restore the equilibrium.

Asking questions

Today I am asking myself the following questions:

  • Am I happy?
  • Is my home a happy one?
  • Am I getting enough sleep?
  • Am I drinking enough water? Are my consumption levels of alcohol, carbonated drinks or caffeinated drinks acceptable?
  • Am I eating a balanced diet? Are my consumption levels of fat, sugar, fibre, carbs, protein, processed foods, fruit and veg acceptable?
  • Is the amount of leisure time spent in front of a screen acceptable?
  • Am I getting enough exercise?
  • Am I spending the right amount of time at work? Am I taking sufficient breaks?
  • Are my stress levels acceptable?
  • Am I spending the right amount of time with family and friends?
  • Am I doing enough of the things I enjoy?
  • Am I free from any minor little health problems such as as digestive issues, skin complaints, aches and pains?
  • Am I sticking to my budgets?
  • Are my plans on track? Are they working for me?

To any of the questions I have answered no (and I already know there are going to be a few) I will be noting what I need to increase or let go of in order to bring my life back into balance.

Frugal breakfasts from random baking lingredients.

My food cupboard seems to be largely full of ingredients normally associated with baking e.g. flour, sugar, flavourings, syrups, dried fruit, nuts and seeds. Often these were purchased for a specific recipe and have sat in the cupboard ever since (sometimes years).

I have been slowly using up some of these items in my breakfast oats which I either have as porridge or overnight oats. Both of these dishes are very frugal and are often associated with healthy eating. I make porridge with water but if I have yogurt or non dairy milk available then I make overnight oats which is even quicker than porridge and can be eaten on the go.

I don’t find my porridge lasts me all morning unless I add some protein in the form or nuts or seeds and some fruit whuch helps flavour it. I usually soak, dried fruit, nuts and seeds especially the smaller hard seeds like linseed or chia which can pass through the system undigested unless the hard shell is softened or ground. Soaking also seems to enhance flavour.

Some of the ingredients I have used in my porridge so far this year include:

  • Various dried fruits
  • Various seeds e.g. linseed, chia, nettle, watermelon
  • Mincemeat, jam, jelly, marmalade
  • Sugar, maple syrup, golden syrup
  • Frozen fruits
  • Fresh fruits including apples, Rhubarb, banana, oranges, lemons
  • Other breakfast flakes e.g. millet, muesli, barley
  • Cake flavourings like vanilla or almond essence
  • Nesquik powder and cordial (in very small quantities only as they incredibly sweet)

This is slowly helping me declutter my cupboard and provide a varied breakfast each day.

Delicious dandelions: coffee and more

I took advantage of the lovely spring weather in February and did a lot of digging. Before I start a digging session I usually go over the ground and harvest any useful “weeds” so that they don’t get trampled. One plant I seem to have been blessed with an abundance of this year is the lovely dandelion. I find it very hard to throw a single plant away.

Dandelions are especially known for their liver and kidney benefits, but there are numerous other health benefits(1) in addition to the plant’s usefulness as a pot herb.

Over the years, as well as cooking and eating dandelions, I have preserved dandelions in numerous ways:

  • Dandelion leaf vinegar
  • Dandelion root bitters
  • Dried roots
  • Dried leaves
  • Dandelion root coffee
  • Dandelion flower wine
  • Dandelion flower essence
  • Dandelion flower infused oil

The two favourites are dandelion leaf vinegar and dandelion coffee. The first time I tried the vinegar it reminded me slightly of salt and vinegar crisps and I couldn’t get enough of it.

I have found a failsafe recipe online(2) for dandelion coffee and now automatically choose this as my preferred method of preserving the roots if I have harvested enough. The only difference I make is that I chop up the roots much smaller and skip the dehydrator phase so I have a delicious beverage in less than an hour.

My steps are as follows:

  1. Scrub roots
  2. Chop in food processor
  3. Roast at 200°C for 30mins (turning halfway because my oven is not an even cooker)
  4. Return to (clean) processor
  5. Return to oven for 5-10 mins at 180°C
  6. An optional further whizz in the processor (although if it is going to be drunk from a tea infuser rather than a cafetiere, it doesn’t want to be too powdery)

I will be honest in that it is not as good tasting as real coffee, but as I am trying to reduce my caffeine intake and increase beneficial foods, it is an acceptable alternative.

Edible stems?

Up until a week ago I had no idea that the stems were edible, I had made this assumption based on the fact I had seen the sap from the stems recommended for the treatment of warts, plus the green caylxes at the base of the stems tend to get discarded when wine making. However, I came across an article(3) which suggested using them as an alternative to noodles. This intrigued me and following a quick Google search I found references (on more than one site)(4) to the fact that all parts of the dandelion plant are edible. This is something novel that I might attempt to try next month when the flowers are blooming. I have already started collecting recipes for the flowers so it would be a shame to waste the stems.

Caution

Dandelions can cause problems if consumed in excess due to the oxalic acid content and it is a potential allergen in some people. The reference below(5) explores this in more depth.

References

  1. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dandelion-benefits#section8
  2. https://www.eatweeds.co.uk/dandelion-root-coffee-recipe
  3. http://foragedfoodie.blogspot.com/2017/03/paleo-dandelion-noodles-gluten-free-keto.html?m=1
  4. Such as this https://www.fix.com/blog/dandelion-health-benefits/
  5. https://www.botanical-online.com/english/dandelion_toxicity.htm

Using up herbs – part 1: blending herbs

Before I started harvesting herbs this year I had already run out of space to store them so I took advantage of a spare afternoon and decided to go through some of my older herbs. I don’t worry too much about adhering to storage dates. It’s more important for me to consider how herbs are stored. I try to keep mine in glass jars in a cupboard. If they have lost colour and scent they are probably less effective. I would certainly never use dusty or mouldy herbs.

I decided that some of the older herbs would be fine for general use teas. I made up four teas and one general purpose herb mix for cooking. I’ll list the ingredients at the end but for reference purposes only as these were intended to use up what I had and provide me with free beverages rather than to treat any specific conditions. The quantities were variable depending upon how much was left in the jar and whether larger quantities would be too overpowering. The blander and abundant herbs like nettles tended to be the main ingredients.

All blends got put through my mini chopper until they were a uniform size. I use a tea ball at work (similar to the picture above) and if the pieces are too big it won’t shut properly so the contents escape through the middle; too powdery and it escapes through the fine holes.

All the blends have been OK but nothing exceptional. I had a really good night’s sleep after the stressbuster tea and the goddess tea was probably the most pleasant to drink.

Hopefully I will be following up the using up theme over the next couple of weeks.

Blend #1: Cleansing tea

  • Cleavers
  • Nettles
  • Dandelion
  • Red clover flowers
  • Ginger
  • Calendula flowers
  • Golden rod
  • Ground elder
  • Peppermint
  • Corn silk

Blend #2: Goddess tea

  • Lady’s mantle
  • Rose
  • Motherwort
  • Sage
  • Red clover
  • Nettle
  • Fennel seeds
  • Hops
  • Hibiscus

Blend#3: Winter health tea

  • Elderberry
  • Elderflower
  • Ginger
  • Calendula
  • Nettle
  • Rosemary
  • Peppermint
  • Sage
  • Ground ivy
  • Marshmallow

Blend #4: Stress busting tea

  • Chamomile
  • Lemon balm
  • Vervain
  • Rose
  • Nettle
  • Catnip
  • Betony
  • Orange peel
  • Hibiscus

Blend #5: General pot herb blend

  • Nettle
  • Dill weed
  • Coriander leaf
  • Shepherd’s purse
  • Hyssop
  • Lovage
  • Cajun spice blend
  • Coriander seeds
  • Basil
  • Fennel seeds
  • Marjoram
  • Yarrow

Homemade supplements

In the past I have spent a lot of money on nutritional supplements such as green powders and multi-vitamins.

I am currently working on building up a selection of vitamin and mineral supplements as well as improving my intake through my diet.

Vinegars

One easy hit is to take herbal vinegars in hot water as an alternative hot drink. I find this works well and I am currently taking a combination of lemon balm, nettle, mint, dandelion and horsetail in cider vinegar with a drop of honey. I pop a generous splash in a mug of hot water. It’s a pleasant alternative to tea or coffee although this particular blend is quite astringent.

Powders

As I am new to dehydrating I am intending on creating a range of herbal powders which I will try blending together. These can be added to soups, stews, smoothies and juices to provide additional flavours as well as vitamins and minerals. I have been powdering fruit and veg peelings along with some greens. As soon as the opportunity arises I will be collecting and dehydrating dandelions, nettles, cleavers, ground elder, chickweed and plantain. I’ve found in the past that some herbs including cleavers do not dry at all well yet they are available for purchase in a dried form. This year will be a big experiment on whether they can be preserved better in the dehydrator. I will also be looking at dehydrating more veg including pulp from juicing.

Teas

Some vitamin and mineral benefits may also be obtained through herbal teas. I will be making some experimental tea blends over the next few months.

Vitamins & minerals present in the herbs mentioned above.

N. B. More vitamins and minerals may be present. Where B vitamins are mentioned there will be at least one but not necessarily all present.

Dandelion:

Vitamins: A, B, C, E, K

Minerals: Iron, Calcium, Manganese, Potassium, Phosphorus, Copper, Magnesium.

Lemon Balm:

Vitamins: B, K

Minerals: Copper, Manganese, Magnesium, Zinc

Horsetail:

Vitamins: B

Minerals: Calcium, Zinc, Silicon

Nettle:

Vitamins: A, B, C

Minerals: Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium

Mint:

Vitamins: A, C

Minerals: Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron

Cleavers:

Vitamins: B, C, E

Minerals: Calcium, Sodium, Iodine, Copper

Ground elder:

Vitamins: A, C, E

Minerals: Iron, Calcium, Magnesium

Chickweed:

Vitamins: A, B, C

Minerals: Calcium, Magnesium, Manganese, Zinc, Iron, Phosphorus, Potassium

Plantain:

Vitamins: A, C

Minerals: Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese, Phosphorus

Disclaimer

I am not a nutritionalist, scientist, herbalist or doctor.

The presence of vitamins and minerals is based on third party information which has not necessarily been verified scientifically.

The information collected has been gathered solely for my own purposes.

Some vitamins and minerals can be harmful if taken in excess or for certain conditions including pregnancy. Quantities present will vary according to preparation methods.

Please seek advice from a qualified herbalist or doctor before preparing your own supplements.